Georgian & Neo-Classical Fireplaces - Westland London Antiques

Neoclassical & Georgian, including Adam and Palladian, English, Scottish, Irish & Italian antique fireplaces, mantels and chimneypieces in marble, stone and wood.

  • Stock: 14357

    A finely carved Georgian style Statuary Marble mid Victorian antique fireplace surround. The moulded shelf rests above the delicately veined Sienna Marble fluted freeze, with alternating medallions, centred by a large garlanded urn tablet. Oval rosette paterae adorn the endblocks above tall stylised flambeau urn and vase carved detail on the jambs. English, mid 19th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 69 1316"
    177.3 cms
    57"
    144.7 cms
    7 12"
    19 cms
    Internal 41 14"
    105 cms
    40 78"
    104 cms
  • Stock: 14850

    A high and handsome large antique Coalbrookdale cast iron Victorian fireplace surround with an athemion decorative frieze centred by a plaque with swag and medallion in the Neoclassical style. The wide shelf above a dentil border rests on a pair of free standing, full round reeded columns with ionic capitals fronting the jambs.
    English, circa 1870.

    Link to: Antique Victorian, William IV and Edwardian fireplaces and chimneypieces.

    width height depth
    external 75 38"
    191.5 cms
    55 12"
    141 cms
    11 38"
    29 cms
    internal 42 12"
    108 cms
    39 18"
    99.3 cms
  • Stock: 14397

    A fine Edwardian Georgian style Statuary and inlaid Verde Antico marble chimneypiece, with a moulded shelf above inlaid dentil detail, an inlaid fluted frieze with a central tablet of cavorting cherubs flanked by oval panels of hunting cherubs and with finely carved classical maidens on the endblocks set above descending bellflowers, medallions and swags on the jambs.
    English, circa 1900.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 82 12"
    209.5 cms
    65 316"
    165.5 cms
    9 14"
    23.5 cms
    Internal 50 18"
    127.2 cms
    45 1116"
    116 cms
  • Stock: 14311

    A fine George III white Statuary Marble antique chimneypiece in the manner of Robert Adam. The fluted frieze, centred by a tablet depicting three seated musical maidens, is flanked by further musical maidens on the endblocks which are set above jambs with carved garlanded maidens on podiums and motifs emblematic of Springtime.
    English late 18th century.

    Shown here with fire basket SNo 13829 not included in the price.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 73 38"
    186.5 cms
    55 58"
    141.3 cms
    7 38"
    18.7 cms
    Internal 44 14"
    112.5 cms
    42 38"
    107.7 cms
  • Stock: 14436

    A large and stately Palladian style columned antique fireplace mantel in beautiful finely veined green Campan Marble. The colonnade frieze set with small panels alternating with fluted piers, the jambs fronted by pairs of free standing, tapering columns resting on tall and sturdy panelled footblocks.
    Belgian, mid to late 19th century.

    Shown here with fire basket SNo 13863 not included in the price.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 67 18"
    170.5 cms
    50"
    127 cms
    16 1116"
    42.5 cms
    Internal 37 38"
    95 cms
    36 38"
    92.5 cms
  • Stock: 11718

    A Neoclassical style white statuary antique marble chimneypiece with a deeply moulded shelf, the plain frieze centred by a central plaque decorated with a bell flower swag. The fireplace opening is bordered by gold veined black Portoro marble ingrounds with a white bull nose moulding.
    English, early 20th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 57 12"
    146 cms
    49"
    124.5 cms
    7 14"
    18.5 cms
    Internal 36"
    91.5 cms
    36"
    91.5 cms
  • Stock: 13350

    A very fine and perfectly proportioned Statuary and Sienna marble chimneypiece in the manner of James Wyatt 1746 - 1813, architect to King George III.

    The chimneypiece has a beautifully sculpted, inlaid frieze centred with an exquisitely carved tablet depicting a central classical urn hung with flower-bud festoons and flanked by two classical muses. Almost identical tablets by James Wyatt can be seen on the chimneypieces at Heveningham Hall, Suffolk completed in 1799. The frieze panels, either side of the tablet, are inlaid with richly figured Convent Siena marble and overlaid by finely carved roundels depicting musical instruments and centred with classical vases spilling over with fruits, berries and leaves repeated on the end blocks. The bed moulding beneath the frieze is carved with stylised anthemion motifs on trailing stems.

    The frieze is supported by attached Ionic columns of finely figured Sienna marble. The chimneypiece is surmounted by a break fronted shelf, the leading edge carved with a bead and reel decoration beneath which is a layer of dentil moulding inlaid with Sienna marble. (Shown together with Register Grate SNo 12910, Andirons SNo 12867 & a pair of Firetools not included in the price.)

    English, circa 1880.

    Provenance:
    Removed from Crowe Hall, a restored Regency Grade II Listed property, near Bath in Somerset, England. The Hall built around 1780 for a Brigadier Crowe was restored after a serious fire in 1926, requisitioned by the Admiralty during World War II and bought in 1961 by Sir Sydney Barratt (1898-1975), the eminent physicist, inventor, industrialist and art connoisseur.

    Sir Sydney had inherited from his father a life long passion for The Arts and by 1961 had amassed a superb Collection of mostly 18th century pieces with which he filled the rooms of The Hall replacing the more flamboyant Victorian fire surround in the entrance hall with this exquisite chimneypiece. Sir Sydney died in 1975 and his son John, also a passionate connoisseur of The Arts, took over the stewardship of the Hall. When he died in 2005 the greater part of The Collection was sold at auction at Christie's.

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    Width Height Depth
    83 18"
    211 cms
    63"
    160 cms
    10"
    25.5 cms
    52 316"
    132.5 cms
    48 58"
    123.5 cms
  • Stock: 8512

    A large and grand painted pine & gesso Adam style Georgian fireplace surround. The breakfront shelf over a foliate decorated central tablet and frieze, supported on tapered columns with Ionic capitals.
    Photo before restoration.
    English, mid 19th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 83 18"
    211 cms
    58 18"
    147.5 cms
    13"
    33 cms
    Internal 48"
    122 cms
    41 1116"
    106 cms
  • Stock: 13801

    A highly decorative carved pine chimneypiece mantel in the George III style. The central plaque on the frieze, depicting three putti carrying a deer, is flanked by floral and fruiting swags. The twin foliate paterae on the endblocks are set above rams heads from which garlands tumble down the jambs. The opening is edged with egg and dart detail.
    English, late 19th century.

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    width height depth
    External 63 38"
    161 cms
    56 1116"
    144 cms
    6 12"
    16.5 cms
    Internal 36 1316"
    93.5 cms
    41 1116"
    106 cms
  • Stock: 13578

    A stately and very well proportioned Georgian style breakfront chimneypiece in statuary and verde antico marble. The freeze, inlaid with verde antico blind flutes and centred by a finely carved 18th century tablet depicting Mercury and Venus instructing Cupid, is flanked with simple rectangular endblocks typical of the Georgian period. The fluted columns, surmounted by Ionic capitals, are of a very fine quality. The fireplace opening is edged with egg and dart decoration. Irish circa 1850.

    Note: The 18th century tablet replaces the original simpler 19th century tablet of a female mask.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 83 18"
    211 cms
    60 316"
    153 cms
    15"
    38 cms
    Internal 48 316"
    122.5 cms
    43 1116"
    111 cms
  • Stock: 13521

    A decorative 19th century statuary and siena marble chimneypiece with an 18th century tablet depicting mythological beasts & an urn flanked by swagged paterae with further urns on the endblocks.

    Shown together with a large and very rare George Bullock inlaid brass Register Grate, SNo 13522, not included in the price.

    English mid 19th century and with later elements.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 76 316"
    193.5 cms
    54 14"
    138 cms
    8 14"
    21 cms
    Internal 48 1316"
    124 cms
    39 58"
    100.5 cms
  • Stock: 10667

    A grand and imposing 19th century marble antique chimneypiece mantel in the Palladian manner. The substantial white statuary marble shelf over a barrel frieze in Verde Tinos marble inlaid with a Statuary and Sienna marble guilloche pattern centred and flanked by three high relief carved Siena marble Roman lion masks supported on massive " C " scrolled brackets above strapwork decoration on the jambs. Italian, late 19th century.

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    width height depth
    External 85 1316"
    218 cms
    60 316"
    153 cms
    15"
    38.1 cms
    Internal 53 18"
    135 cms
    42 18"
    107 cms
  • Stock: 13385

    An elegant white Statuary Marble Chimneypiece in the late Georgian manner, the central Jasperware plaque on the frieze depicting maidens and children at a flower market with bouquets and sprays of flowers, flanked by a pair of ornate athemion carvings echoed on the endblocks and with fluted jambs terminating in ribboned swags.
    English, circa 1870s.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 54 18"
    137.5 cms
    43 1116"
    111 cms
    6 14"
    16 cms
    Internal 39 38"
    100 cms
    36 316"
    92 cms
  • Stock: 11256

    An English carved pine chimneypiece in the mid Georgian English Rococo manner. The straight shelf undermoulding carved with oak leaves, shells and scrolled floral motifs over the central female mask tablet looking to Sinistre ( left ) flanked by carved acanthus leaf on the Ogee shaped frieze , large egg & dart above and around the opening the jambs supported either side by scrolled floral brackets. Shown without marble or slate ingrounds for the dog-leg opening. English 19th century.

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    width height depth
    67 78"
    172.5 cms
    57 12"
    146 cms
    6 1116"
    17 cms
    50 1316"
    129 cms
    45 14"
    115 cms
  • Stock: 12479

    A substantial and finely proportioned late Georgian antique fireplace mantel. Beautifully carved in white statuary marble with a breakfront shelf over the grandly carved frieze centred by a figural plaque with cherubs and a reclining female. The frieze decorated with rosette paterae and bell flower swags hung between classical urns and flanked by deeply scrolled corbels on the endblocks above tall fluted jambs. English, late 18th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 90"
    228.6 cms
    67 1116"
    172 cms
    12 316"
    31 cms
    Internal 54 14"
    138 cms
    48 1316"
    124 cms
  • Stock: 12557

    A PERIOD 18th CENTURY GEORGE III IRISH NEO CLASSICAL FIREPLACE in the manner of Sir Henry Cheere, in white Statuary marble inlaid with Sicilian Jasper panels on the frieze and jambs.

    The breakfront shelf with bead and reel detail over a frieze inlaid with prettily figured Jasper / Diaspora and centred by a large tablet carved in high relief depicting a rural scene of a ploughboy with shire horses and a hound evoking the history of Ceres as harvest deity of Peace and Plenty. It is flanked by two carved sphinx on the endblocks supported on tapering plinths carved with ribboned interwoven bellflowers. English 1770.

    NOTE : A similar but wider tablet is on a chimneypiece in featured in " English Chimneypieces " published in 1927 by Guy Cadogan Rotheray; on another chimneypiece featured in a Litchfield & Co advertisement in The Connoisseur Magazine Sept 1906 and on a chimneypiece at Castletown, Co. Kilkenny (The Georgian Society Records of eighteenth-Century Domestic Architecture and Decoration in Ireland, vol.5, Dublin, 1913, pl.59)... images below.

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    width height depth
    80 14"
    204 cms
    62 316"
    158 cms
    8"
    20.3 cms
    48 58"
    123.5 cms
    46 18"
    117 cms
  • Stock: 12280

    A large pine and limewood chimneypiece in the mid 18th century Palladian manner. The breakfront shelf above a richly carved frieze, centred by a plaque depicting a crowd of putti wrestling with a goat, with vine and grape swags either side and finely carved egg and dart and Vitruvian detail above and below, is flanked by elaborate wine flagons on the endblocks. The jambs topped by large acanthus brackets above male masks holding tumbling garlands in their mouths.
    English, circa 1880.

    Note: The central plaque is remarkably similar to a marble relief in the Galleria Doria Pamphili, Rome carved by the Flemish Baroque sculptor François Duquesnoy (1597 - 1643). A terracotta version of it was set into the triptych panel incorporated into the chimneypiece in The Painted Room at Spencer House, London, in the 1760s.

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    Width Height Depth
    external 82 1116"
    210 cms
    66 38"
    168.6 cms
    7 78"
    20 cms
    Internal 48 38"
    123 cms
    47 316"
    120 cms
  • Stock: 12237

    A FINELY CARVED WHITE STATUARY MARBLE LATE GEORGIAN CHIMNEYPIECE, the breakfront shelf placed over a dentilled undershelf moulding, over a very large central plaque carved with a great urn with scrolled brackets either side, flanked by urns on the endblocks, over fluted pilasters topped with three small flowers.English early 19th century. (Shown together with the original brass fluted register grate. see SNo12236 )

    NOTES: Similar to one in the Great Parlour of Rousham House..by William Kent... in Oxfordshire. London provenance.

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    width height depth
    External 72 316"
    183.5 cms
    59 38"
    151 cms
    11 38"
    29 cms
    Internal 41 18"
    104.5 cms
    42 18"
    107 cms
  • Stock: 11666

    A well proportioned George III chimneypiece in white statuary marble with Sienna marble inlay. The breakfront shelf is supported on the frieze with fluted side panels flanking a central tablet in Siena marble with a high relief carved Putti reclining against a lion in a landscape. The endblocks are finely carved floral Paterae, supported on fluted jambs with Sienna ingrounds. English late19th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 73 316"
    186 cms
    57 14"
    145.5 cms
    7 12"
    19 cms
    Internal 47 38"
    120.5 cms
    42 1116"
    108.5 cms
  • Stock: 9607

    A SUPERB AND RARE IRISH GEORGIAN SCAGLIOLA INLAID CHIMNEYPIECE in the manner of Pietro Bossi , the Italian Stuccadore resident in Dublin 1786-1800. Excellent quality and delightful inlay work with well arranged decoration depicting bellflower garlands, either side of a polychrome fountain / urn on the center tablet flanked by Etruscan/ Pompeiian style urns over similar style polychrome Arabesques descending the jambs. Believed to be the work of Henry Emery in Dublin. Irish, late19th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 72"
    183 cms
    57 1316"
    146.7 cms
    7 1116"
    19.5 cms
    Internal 45 14"
    115 cms
    43 14"
    110 cms
  • Stock: 11468

    A very well carved pine chimneypiece in the George III manner of Robert Adam.The delicate high quality carved detail is in limewood and includes repeated lambs-tongue on the top shelf moulding with well defined egg and dart undershelf, over the long frieze which shows very finely carved Limewood Palmettes and Urns interspersed with floral detail.
    English, circa 1900.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 62 58"
    159 cms
    48"
    122 cms
    6 78"
    17.6 cms
    Opening 41 12"
    105.5 cms
    35 38"
    90 cms
  • Stock: 10116

    A rebuilt George III chimney piece in carved white Statuary and green Connemara marble.The original elements include the whole top section of breakfront shelf, finely carved central plaque of winged Cupid in oval medallion with ribboned drapes, flanked by plain Connemara marble freize panels and carved urn endblockings. Supported on pilasters with orignal florally carved panels with later plain white and green marble returns on replaced plain marble footblocks. Substantially early to mid 19th century with later plain elements.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 67 12"
    171.5 cms
    53"
    134.5 cms
    7 78"
    20.1 cms
    Internal 40 78"
    104 cms
    40 78"
    104 cms
  • Stock: 9172

    A PERIOD LATE 18TH CENTURY GEORGE III ANTIQUE CHIMNEYPIECE CARVED IN WHITE STATUARY MARBLE. The moulded inverted breakfront shelf sits above a frieze centred by a rectangular tablet carved with a roundel of Cupid holding a bow. Cupid is attended by two winged putti holding a quiver of arrows while a pair of love birds fly in the foreground, suspended from ribbon tied drapery. The frieze panels are carved with crossed sheaves of wheat and the end blocks are carved with flowers, supported by three-quarter relief jambs with outset columns with Ionic capitals on block feet. Amost iidentical tablets can be found on chimneypieces in houses in Harley Street, please see the image below, and Portman Square in London.
    English Circa 1785.

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    width height depth
    exerior 83 12"
    212 cms
    64 38"
    163.5 cms
    10 38"
    26.3 cms
    interior 51 58"
    131 cms
    48"
    121.8 cms
  • Stock: 10655

    A large carved pine fireplace in the Georgian manner, with bead & gadrooned moulded shelf & banding above a central carved walnut panel with carved gambolling Cherubini flanked by floral swags over Olive branch entwined columns surmounted by Cherubini on the endblocks. English,19th century

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    width height depth
    External 77"
    195.5 cms
    60"
    152.4 cms
    11"
    27.9 cms
    Internal 43"
    109.2 cms
    42 12"
    107.9 cms
  • Stock: 8700

    A small 20th century Neoclassical style chimneypiece in the Georgian manner with a central urn plaque, reeded jambs and floral paterae in Statuary & Bursa Cream marble.
    Mid 20th century.

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    width height depth
    External 53 1116"
    136.5 cms
    44 316"
    112.3 cms
    9 14"
    23.5 cms
    Internal 36 12"
    92.7 cms
    37 316"
    94.5 cms
  • Stock: 11011

    A prestigious and exceptional Italian neoclassical chimneypiece grandly carved in Statuary marble, with superbly modelled Female Caryatids both facing outwards with hands to head and breast either side of this richly adorned antique fireplace mantel and supporting a substantial breakfronted frieze and shelf which is centred with a raised central tablet and flanked by ribboned strands of graduated pearls and oval scrolled Stemma on the endblockings . Circa 1860.

    SCALE : Substantial.

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    width height depth
    External 81 78"
    208 cms
    57 78"
    147 cms
    17 14"
    44 cms
    Internal 48 38"
    123 cms
    41 1116"
    106 cms
  • Stock: 10643

    A very large white marble Italian neoclassical chimneypiece. The breakfront shelf with undershelf carved detail of Lambs Tongue , over Greek Key and repeating Egg and Dart over the frieze. The compact center panel with an urn carved in high relief again with intricate detail including Vitruvian Scrolls , a Gadrooned cover , and floral detail ...flanked either side with seated winged Griffins with raised paws each on a half displayed flaming Torchere / Incense burner with Vitruvian scroll motif.... backed with rich floral decoration...with high relief carved Ram's heads on the endblocks. All this is supported on Ionic Capitals over Acanthus leaves over panelled jambs carved with Olive branches and descending Bellflowers. Italian mid 19th Century.

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    width height depth
    External 90 12"
    229.8 cms
    73"
    185.4 cms
    13 1116"
    34.9 cms
    Internal 52 316"
    132.7 cms
    51 1116"
    131.4 cms
  • Stock: 10672

    Roses, apple blossom, freesias, daisies, daffodils and dahlias. An extremely attractive period Georgian Neo Classical Chimneypiece with fine carved detail in Statuary and Convent Sienna marble. The breakfront shelf with egg & dart undershelf over richly veined Sienna marble frieze panels, centred by a large tablet delicately carved with abundant floral decoration, flanked by likewise high relief exquisitely carved floral Paterae endblockings.The underfrieze Lambs Tongue carved detail supported on scrolled Ionic capitals, over tapering boldly reeded pilasters, with egg & dart carving around the opening. With restorations. Scottish, circa 1780.

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    width height depth
    External 77 316"
    196.2 cms
    61 1116"
    156.7 cms
    10 38"
    26.5 cms
    Internal 46 14"
    117.5 cms
    44 18"
    112 cms
  • Stock: 8430

    An impressive Georgian Palladian Chimneypiece in Sienna and Statuary marble , with richly veined Sienna marble columns under scrolled Ionic capitals, supporting full entablature of florally carved paterae endblocks either side of the large central tablet which features Cheurbini fishing from a bridge in high relief detail, flanked by inlaid Sienna fluted frieze panels under a full breakfronted shelf. English 18th century with later restorations.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 83 14"
    211.7 cms
    62 78"
    159.7 cms
    11 38"
    29 cms
    Internal 49 1316"
    126.5 cms
    45"
    114.3 cms
  • Stock: 10151

    A rare and important small Palladian period chimneypiece in the manner of Giovanni Battista Piranesi(1720 -1778) or possibly Giovanni Valdier, carved in white statuary marble with Egyptian Imperial Porphyry inlaid marble panels.The simply shaped shelf characteristically densely carved with intricate acanthus leaves and lambs tongue motifs over large circular florally carved paterae flanking the high relief carved central plaque depicting scrolled flowers emitting peacocks either side of a wicker fruit basket, between twin Egyptian porphyry marble frieze panels supported on similarly panelled jambs.The ingrounds are decorated with continuous Greek key motif in statuary white marble. Italian circa 1760. Originali d'Epoca..Gusto di Principi.

    Provenance: Probably from the Rome workshops of Piranesi around 1760.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 60 12"
    153.7 cms
    45"
    114.3 cms
    14 12"
    36.8 cms
    Internal 36 14"
    92.1 cms
    32"
    81.3 cms
  • Stock: 9955

    A large carved Oak Neo Classical chimneypiece in the late Georgian manner. A breakfronted shelf over a florally carved cental tablet, flanked by scrolled floral decoration with square paterae on the endblocks, supported on large fluted columns with scrolled Ionic capitals. English late 19th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 81 78"
    208 cms
    66 18"
    168 cms
    15 78"
    40.5 cms
    Internal 47 58"
    121 cms
    48"
    122 cms
  • Stock: 9944

    QUEEN OF SPARTA AND ZEUS: A richly carved statuary marble antique Neo Classical Chimneypiece in the manner of Giovanni Battista Piranesi 1720-1778. The stepped and layered shelf itself carved with a variety of detail above a crisply carved frieze of ribbon tied Bellflower Swags and Medallions flanking a high relief carved central tablet of Leda , Queen of Sparta reclining, lover of the Greek God Zeus shown here in the form of a swan. Large Palmette endblocks and the whole frieze underlined with Ropetwist and Pearl motif all supported on panelled jambs with pendant Bell-flowers, the aperture framed by a Waterleaf and Bead motif.
    Late Georgian, early 19th century. Photo before final cleaning and polishing. 2nd image shown with register grate 9859.

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    width height depth
    external 73"
    185.5 cms
    53 12"
    136 cms
    15 316"
    38.5 cms
    internal 42"
    106.8 cms
    38 12"
    97.8 cms
  • Stock: 9858

    A sophisticated and elegant English Neoclassical chimneypiece in intricately carved pure white statuary marble in the manner of John Flaxman with Blue Wedgwood Jasperware panels adorning the frieze, the breakfronted shelf over egg and dart undershelf mouldings and exquisitely carved Bellflower garlands and swags around the Jasper plaques, all supported by two pairs of fluted pilasters, shown here with SNo 9859 the original magnificent burnished steel and brass Register Grate.
    English, 19th century.

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    Width Height
    External 72 1316"
    185 cms
    53 12"
    136 cms
    Internal 42 18"
    107 cms
    37 1316"
    96 cms
  • Stock: 9103

    A large 18th century George II carved pine chimneypiece. Also shown with Cippolino green marble ingrounds, which could be in other marble.
    English, circa 1760. A near pair to 8240.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 71 14"
    181 cms
    63"
    160 cms
    7 18"
    18 cms
    Internal 49"
    124.5 cms
    49"
    124.5 cms
  • Stock: 9409

    A large and imposing bow fronted Irish Palladian Revival style chimneypiece in rich green and veined solid Connemara marble. The bowed break-fronted shelf over a plain panelled frieze centered by a fielded roundel , flanked by square floral paterae, supported on massively robust Rococo high relief carved scrolled floral jambs.
    Irish, late 19th century.

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    Width Height Depth
    External 83 18"
    211 cms
    53 78"
    137 cms
    15 58"
    39.5 cms
    Internal 57 12"
    146 cms
    40 58"
    103 cms
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46 items

Georgian and Neoclassical fireplaces
Our collection of antique Neoclassical and Georgian fireplaces, chimneypieces and mantels comprises an impressive range in marble, wood and occasionally stone. Whether you wish to complement an existing Georgian or Neoclassical interior or add a touch of period style to a modern room, our Georgian and Neoclassical fireplaces are a great way to make a statement.

The Georgian Era
The Georgian era was a fascinating moment in British Art, Architecture, Design and Culture. This period saw the foundation of the Royal Academy of Art and the British Museum, and nurtured some of the finest architects, Robert Adam, John Nash and John Soane. The Georgian monarchy was a Hanoverian one; founded when the protestant George I ascended to the throne following the death of Queen Anne, his cousin. This Hanoverian monarchy ruled at a time of enormous colonial expansion, economic instability and even saw the birth of the Industrial Revolution. Despite the political and social unrest, the royal family were voracious patrons of the arts, and can be credited with nurturing some of the finest design talent of the time, including the revered architect and designer, Robert Adam.

Period Design Features
There was such a broadening and oscillation in artistic style during this period that it is perhaps more accurate to speak of “Georgian styles.” Palladianism, Neoclassicism and the English Rococo all thrived during the eighteenth-century. The overriding sense was a withdrawal from the heavy opulence of the Baroque style. Classical restraint was certainly favoured; symmetry, proportion and elegance were esteemed characteristics of the period. This was in part due to the popularity of the Grand Tour which highlighted some of the greatest sights of antiquity, and provided invaluable inspiration for both the patrons and designers of the 18th century.

Georgian Fireplaces
The Georgian fireplace embodied the favoured architectural characteristics of the period. Classical proportion and features evocative of Greek and Roman architecture were employed to create a grand and elegant focal point in the Georgian home. The Georgian period is often applauded for its development of domestic architecture also; vast swathes in cities and towns were being redeveloped with elegant terraces and villas, each with their own chimneypieces.

A revolution in Georgian fireplace design
Robert Adam was a seminal figure of the 18th century, and it is perhaps his designs for chimneypieces which are most well-known. Adam had studied in Rome and when he returned to Britain in 1758, opened up an architectural practice with his brother James, becoming the leading figure of the classical revival. The firm’s movement away from the rigid Palladianism of the late 17th century led to a lighter, more whimsical classical style. Their firm was not limited to architecture alone; it produced finished interiors using furniture and fittings of their design. As leading architects to Britain’s aristocracy and royalty, they also sought to show that good, harmonious design had a wider civic purpose. The Adam brothers sought democratise taste with a number of ambitious civic projects.

Adam style fireplaces
Adam fireplaces are instantly recognised by their crisp classical motifs carved in low relief in the form of central tablets and endblocks, and pilastered or columned jambs. Their elegance, designed to complement the finest architecture, is unquestionable
The firm also pioneered a pine and composition chimneypiece which is now an iconic part of 18th century design. This composition was made from a secret recipe and could be applied to wooden frames and treated with a number of finishes, such as gilt, paint, and faux marble. It meant that decorative chimneypieces could be manufactured far more quickly than the traditional limewood or marble chimneypieces, allowing the firm to keep pace with the rapid rate of house construction. They were also more affordable, and allowed more modest homes to enjoy the classical styles, which had been before, the preserve of the elite.

The Neoclassical
The neoclassicism typified by Adam style fireplaces evolved as a response to the flamboyant and opulent designs of both the Rococo and Baroque periods. Use of classical motifs was also intrinsically linked to the ideals of the Enlightenment, as classical design conveyed ideas of knowledge and truth. The style was born in Rome in the mid-18th Century after the rediscovery of Pompeii and Herculaneum, and was circulated throughout Europe by a generation of wealthy Grand Tourists and artists, who returned from their Grand Tours in Italy with freshly discovered Greco-Roman ideals.
Neoclassicism favoured a more formal, dignified approach that respected order and decorum, and established rules that became a distinct movement in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music and architecture throughout northern Europe from the mid-18th to the end of the 19th centuries. It still endures as one of the most popular architectural styles today.

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